Diabetes 101: Symptoms and Treatment

Diabetes is a growing problem in America. Get educated at St. Petersburg General.

Diabetes is a disease that affects nearly 26 million Americans. November is American Diabetes Month. Diabetes can be one of three types. Type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in childhood and occurs when the body isn’t producing insulin which is a hormone that creates energy from sugars. The most common type of diabetes is type 2 which also prohibits the body from properly using glucose to make energy. During pregnancy, women may develop gestational diabetes.

Risk Factors
Some people are at higher risk for developing diabetes. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include: being over age 45, obesity, lack of physical activity, family or personal history, or African American, Hispanic, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander heritage. Knowing the symptoms of diabetes can help you get diagnosed sooner and get your diabetes under control.

Diabetes Symptoms

  • Urinating frequently
  • Extreme thirst or hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue and irritability
  • Infections, especially of gums, skin, or bladder
  • Blurry vision
  • Slowly healing injuries

Treatment
Measuring and managing your blood glucose levels with a handheld device is the first step. Those with type 1 diabetes generally require insulin injections while type 2 can be treated with oral medication. Diet, exercise, and weight loss are key treatment elements. Eating a diet rich in vegetables, fruit, whole grains, and lean meats will balance the body and promote weight loss. Avoid excess sugars, carbs, and alcohol. Regular exercise will also contribute to weight loss and a healthy body.

Learn more about diabetes from St. Petersburg General Hospital with the “Diabetes– What Is It and What Causes It?” event on Tuesday, November 20, 2012 from 6 to 7pm. This free event will be held at Magnolia Gardens Assisted Living located at 3800 62nd Avenue North in Pinellas Park, FL 33781. Call 888-741-5122 or contact our Consult-A-Nurse service to reserve your spot right away.

Still want to know more? Check out the diabetes center in our online health library.

Related Posts:
Top Tips for Managing Your Diabetes
Wound Care When You Have Diabetes

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